Tuesday, December 11, 2012

Society, Service and Corruption: A Model

                                                               Hrushikesha Mohanty
                                         School of Computer and Information Sciences
                                                          University of Hyderabad

Abstract. Key words: Social Distance, Corruption, Vulnerability

1 Introduction
Corruption though widely talks of bribing for a clandestine purpose mostly for
economic gains, still in current days tend to include a wider aspects of human
misbehaviour like quid pro quo transactions, cornering more than what is de-
served, misuses of power for self gain and even misconstrued activities that’s
legal but unethical. Thus a study on corruption becomes hard, even impalpable
for the nature of the society it addresses to. So, a study on society is essentially
needed for understanding corruption.
Social issues mostly drive people towards corruption; so making them vulnera-
ble to it. People, vulnerable to corruption could be of same and even of different
social status, make direct or indirect network for corrupt transactions. The pro-
cess they follow needs to be understood for assessing the causes and impacts of
corrupt practices.

2 Review

Corruption in social systems have been studied by economists for two practical
purposes, one i. the incentives that allure one to corruption and the other ii.
the impacts corruption makes to an economy. Study of corruption is also to en-
compass social behaviour. Gifts and favours are typically regulated by a norm of
reciprocity between parties involved in exchange. While reciprocity is a cultural
etiquette, times it turns to corruption when purpose in it is doubted.
Corruption is not imported always but for most of the times it’s originated from
within society [1] . Corruption is shown as an endogenous phenomena where
stakeholders follow equilibrium strategies in a linked-chain game leading to un-
healthy stable situation where corruption is acceptable. Structure of society as
well as bribers’ dilemma run the wheel of corruption. Further, corruption is also
triggered by exogenous parameters like social capital, emergent views and mis-
trust that affect shifts in corruption level and drags people to corruption. As
a result, a culture of corruption is developed and gets trenched in a society so
well that, it becomes difficult to dislodge. A corruption ridden country has a
moment to cleanse itself. Further, corruption has not been only in economy but
it has now spread into political, governance and many more area that threat to
weaken the very fabric of society in terms of ethical corruption, inefficiency in
governance and loss of human values. Cleansing and even preventing a society
of corruption needs to understand the process of corruption and its maintenance
very well. In this connection we will review some of the models mostly dealt
in economic corruption though our aim here is to understand why individual is
vulnerable to corruption.

2.1 Models

Representative frameworks are necessary to conceptualize the world that mani-
fests corruption and sustains the same. The frameworks include both visual or
mathematical models where the prior ones are cognitively understood and the
later ones are either analytically worked out or computational expensive for sim-
ulation towards complex scenarios. We will review some of the works mostly car-
ried out by economists on corruption. Categorizing the models to non-simulation
and simulation based approaches. We would like to include rule-based, Bayesian
networks, Game Theory, Neoclassical economics, Fuzzy cognitive maps and Sys-
tem dynamics based strategies to the former category whereas mainly agent
based models of different variants are included in later category.



A B Sagar said...

sir, very interesting.

Hrushikesha Mohanty said...

Sagar! Making interesting is the job of a story teller :)

अनामक, संज्ञारहित (Anonymous) said...

Then sir, you have that advantage. Besides being a researcher you are a good story teller too.

Hrushikesha Mohanty said...

Sagar! I'm more interested in in addition to ..

Kakarlamudi Prasad said...

Thanks for writing article on Corruption

Hrushikesha Mohanty said...

Prasad ..thanks for the thanking :)Where are you now-a-days?